When the Paris Agreement was adopted by the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) in 2015, all nations agreed to undertake ambitious efforts to combat climate change with the aim to change the global average temperature increase below 2°C. Europe wants to be the first climate-neutral continent in the world and the greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions shall be reduced by at least 55% by 2030.
This agreement requires that all nations must report regularly on their national anthropogenic GHG emissions and removals to the EC and UNFCCC. Building on the methodologies developed by the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), the National Inventory Reports (NIR) present GHG data and the monitoring of all anthropogenic greenhouse gas emissions.
Future satellite missions and already existing missions and datasets provide the opportunity to fulfil the needs of a more detailed information on all elements of the carbon cycle, supporting the quantification of GHG emissions inventories in the NIR. Integration of specialised satellite information products will fulfil the need for independent GHG reporting and verification capacities.
Goals Overall GHG Concept
Standardization/Operationalization of GHG inventory reporting for Austria
Improvement of GHG inventory report by the inclusion of remote sensing derived operational products
Independent QA/QC for the GHG inventory reporting process
Goals Verification Element
Use of inverse modelling to yield independent top-down fluxes of CO2 and CH4
Combination of bottom-up and top-down approaches to improve verification process
Identification of possible biases in the bottom-up fluxes of CO2 and CH4
Goals LULUCF Inventory Reporter
Integration of Copernicus satellite data in the LULUCF reporting process (Sentinel-2)
Improvements of the LULUCF Activity Data for more accurate emission estimations
Incrementation of LULUCF reporting classes
Improved uncertainty assessments/characterization
Continuous dissemination during project lifespan (social media, newsletters, etc.)
Development of specific dissemination strategies for the defined target groups (brochures, explanatory video, etc.)
Organisation of a conference related to the topic “Greenhouse gas accounting and monitoring with Copernicus data” (see Chapter 3 Exploitation)
Publication of project results in international peer-reviewed open-access journals
GHG-KIT: Keep it traceable. is being developed through a unique cooperation between a multi-disciplinary Austrian industry-science team and international experts.
The GHG-KIT team consists of four company partners: GeoVille, SISTEMA, Cloudflight and the Earth Observation Data Center (EODC) and three science partners: Zentralanstalt für Meteorologie und Geodynamik (ZAMG), University of Vienna (UNIVIE) and the Technical University of Vienna (TUV).
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